ARCHY 369 A: Special Problems in Archaeology

Spring 2023
Meeting:
TTh 1:30pm - 3:20pm / SMI 305
SLN:
10442
Section Type:
Lecture
Joint Sections:
NEAR E 350 A
Instructor:
ARCHAEOLOLOGY OF WARFARE CROSS LIST W/ NEAR E 350
Syllabus Description (from Canvas):

The course schedule or readings are subject to change. Any changes made will be announced in class as well as on the course Canvas website, with at least a week’s notice.

 

Part I: Archaeology of Violence and Warfare

 

Week 1: Introduction to the Course

 

March 28– Introduction to the Course: Defining Warfare, Violence and Conflict

Lecture Slides

Map Quiz Terms Handout

Required Reading:

 

March 30- The Anthropology of Warfare                       

Lecture Slides

Required Reading:

           

Recommended Reading:

 

 

Week 2: Violence and Early Humans

 

April 4- Primates, Hominids and Early Humans: Are We Programmed to Fight?

Lecture Slides

Map Quiz at the Start of Class

Required Reading:

 

 Recommended Reading:

 

April 6: Class Canceled

 

 

Week 3: The Archaeology of Warfare Part I

 

April 11- The Case for Human Sacrifice in the Ancient Middle East

Lecture Slides

Required Reading:

 

Recommended Reading:

 

April 13- The Evidence of Warfare: Bioarchaeology and Iconography

Lecture Slides

Required Reading:

 

Recommended Reading:

 

 

Week 4: The Archaeology of Warfare Part II

 

April 18- The Evidence of Warfare: Weapons (and Tools)

Lecture Slides

Required Reading:

 

Recommended Reading:

 

April 20 – The Evidence of Warfare: Fortifications and Battlefields

Lecture Slides

Required Reading:

 

Recommended Reading:

  • Burgess, C., Topping P., Mordant C., and Maddison M., eds. 1988 Enclosures and Defenses in the Neolithic of Western Europe. BAR I.S. no. 403(i), British Archaeological Reports
  • Burke, A. 2008 Walled Up to Heaven: The Evolution of Middle Bronze Age Fortification Strategies in the Levant. Eisenbrauns, Winona Lake, Indiana

 

 

Week 5: Violence Before Warfare?

           

April 25– Discussion Class Number 1: Why do we fight?

No assigned readings, but come prepared to talk in groups for a graded discussion.

 

April 27 – Earliest Warfare? Raiding and Small-Scale Violence

Lecture Slides

Required Reading:

 

Recommended Reading:

  • Kelly, R.C., 2007. Warless Societies and the Origin of War. University of Michigan
  • Otterbein, K., 2004. How War Began. Texas A&M University Press

 

Part II: A Chronology of Warfare

 

Week 6 – Warfare at the Rise of Urbanism (ca. 4000-2000 BCE)

 

May 2- The Kings of Akkad: The First Empire

Lecture Slides

Final Project Subject Due at Start of Class    

Required Reading:

 

Recommended Reading:

  • Ferrill, A. 1985 The Origins of War from the Stone Age to Alexander the Great, Thames and Hudson
  • Gabriel, R., and A. Metz, 1991 From Sumer to Rome: The Military Capabilities of Ancient Armies. Greenwood Press

 

May 4 - The Trojan War: Fact or Fiction         

Lecture Slides

Required Reading:

 

Recommended Reading:

  • Bryce, 2006 The Trojans and Their Neighbors (2006), Routledge

 

 

Week 7- The Late Bronze Age (ca. 1600-1100 BCE)

 

May 9 - The Late Bronze Age and the Battle of Kadesh, Part I: Battle Prep

Lecture Slides

Required Reading:

Additional Reading on Egyptian Military and Weapons

Additional Reading on Hittite Military and Weapons

 

Recommended Reading:

 

May 11- The Late Bronze Age and the Battle of Kadesh - Reenactment

 

 

Week 8- Total Empire: The Late Bronze Age to the Neo-Assyrians (ca. 1600-500 BCE)

 

May 16- Collapse, and the ‘Sea Peoples’

Lecture Slides

Battle of Kadesh Write Up Due at the Start of Class 

Required Reading:

 

Recommended Reading:

           

May 18- The Neo-Assyrian War Machine: Death and Destruction

Lecture Slides

Required Reading:     

           

Recommended Reading:        

 

 

Week 9- Biblical Warfare and the Persians (ca. 500-300 BCE)

 

May 23- Biblical Warfare: The Battle of Lachish     

Lecture Slides

Lachish Handout

Required Reading:

           

Recommended Reading:

 

May 25 – Cyrus the Great and the Persian Empire      

Lecture Slides

Text of the Cyrus Cylinder

Required Reading:

 

Recommended Reading:

 

 

Week 10 - Alexander and the Modern Day

 

May 30 - Alexander the Great and the Rise of the Greeks

Lecture Slides

Required Reading:

 

Recommended Reading:

 

June 1- Discussion Class: Warfare and Colonialism in the Modern Middle East

No assigned readings, but come prepared to talk in groups for a graded discussion

 

 

Final Project Due June 7, by 11:59pm

Catalog Description:
Delineation and analysis of a specific problem or related problems in archaeology focusing on developing research and scholarly communication skills.
GE Requirements Met:
Social Sciences (SSc)
Credits:
5.0
Status:
Active
Last updated:
June 21, 2024 - 8:15 am